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The ginkgo tree is considered by botanists as a living fossil, being the only copy of that family, and ancestral oak.1 The ginkgo is part of the millenary Chinese therapeutic arsenal, in which mention is made of this plant for about 2800 BC, and is considered as sacred by Buddhists that has always planted next to their temples. In the Occident is studied for around 15 years ago, though it was known as an ornamental plant in several countries in quite different climates.2 The ginkgo is able to adapt to the most precarious environmental conditions, being resistant to modern pollution. This tree can reach 40 meters high and there has been a pronounced resistance to bacteria, viruses and mutagenic action of radiation, which may explain its survival after the explosion of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima, when was the first manifestation of life.4
Referências:1 - BREMNESS, Lesley. O grande livro das plantas úteis. Lisboa: Verbo, 1989, 287 p. LORENZI, H. Manual de identificação e controle de plantas daninhas: plantio direto e convencional. 3ed. p 240. São Paulo: Nova Odessa, 1990. 2 - Schneider CM, Pereira JMP, Morais, LO & Silva AG (2007) O extrato de folhas e sementes do ginkgo, Ginkgo biloba L. (Ginkgoaceae) no tratamento e profilaxia das isquemias Natureza on line 5(2): 90-95. [on line] http://www.naturezaonline.com.br. 3 - Stromgaard K, Vogensen SB, Nakanishi K. Ginkgo biloba. Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements. p 249-57. 2005. 4 - Introdução à fitoterapia: utilizando adequadamente as plantas medicinais. Colombo: Herbarium Lab. Bot. Ltda, 2008.